The intent of our Geography Curriculum is to ensure that pupils develop their locational and place knowledge, identify aspects of human and physical geography and develop their geographical skills and fieldwork at their level.

Geographical thinking includes relating the near and far, the physical and the human, people and environments and the economic and social. They will use a range of resources in order to do this including maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping.

Geography is organised over a two-year cycle to meet the needs of our mixed age classes. Lessons are differentiated to meet the needs of the individual learner and prior learning is built upon.  Carefully spaced retrieval questions are asked over time to ensure pupils are able to remember the knowledge they have been taught.


 In the Foundation Stage our children are introduced to Geography during activities linked to Understanding the World.

Understanding of the world develops as children take notice of everything around them including places and all the things within them such as trees in the natural environment. Finding out about places begins initially when a child learns about their own home and the things nearby, then later as children notice things on journeys to and from home. This awareness is extended by finding out about different elements of environments in books, on TV and through using other technology. This aspect also focuses on learning about cause and effect and is developed through having conversations with adults and other children about the things they observe.


Throughout Key Stage 1, pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills. These should include first hand observation to enhance their locational awareness.

 As the children begin to develop their Geographical skills, they will use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as countries, continents and oceans. They will be taught to use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.


Throughout Key Stage Two, pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They will develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

In KS2 children’s place knowledge will focus on understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.

 Their Geographical skills and fieldwork will be extended further through the use of maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied. Fieldwork will be used to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

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Contact the School

Northway Primary School

Dodds Lane
L31 9AA

Main Contact: Mrs C Booth

Tel: 0151-526-2565
Fax: 0151-526-6303